Vajdahunyad Castle, Budapest, Hungary
Vajdahunyad Castle is located in City Park in Budapest, Hungary. City Park is the largest park in Budapest, and the castle is situated behind Heroe's Square and an ice skating rink. Designed by Hungarian architect Ignac Alpar, this stone and brick structure opened in 1908 and houses the Hungarian Royal Agriculture Museum which is still open to the public today.
Due to lack of funds and a short deadline, a cardboard and wood castle was built in 1896 for the Millenium Expo exhibitions to house artifacts depicting Hungary's 1,000 year history. Favorable public response prompted the construction of a stone and brick castle in 1904. The castle takes its name from a similar castle by the same name in Transylvania, Romania. The different architectural styles found in Budapest are displayed when viewed from different angles both inside and outside the castle. The Romanic or Romanesque style of the 11th and 12th centuries is characterized by thick walls, large towers, and round or semi-circular arches. Gothic architecture evolved from the Romanic style during the medieval period and was known for its pointed arches, curved ceilings, and supporting wall columns. Renaissance architecture in the early 15th to 17th centuries incorporated orderly and balanced designs with a blend of secular and religious styles. The Baroque style was introduced in the 16th century using mostly religious designs.
The chapel and main castle that houses the museum is surrounded by a moat and two bridges. There are three statues in the courtyard of Anonymus, architect and designer Ignac Alpar, economist Sandor Karolyi, and Hungarian actor Bela Lugosi. Anonymus was the unknown author who wrote a chronicle in the 1100s about all the local ruling families in Hungary. Sandor Karolyi was a famous Hungarian economist in the late 1600s to early 1700s.
Vajdahunyad Castle is a historical sight not to be missed when visiting Budapest. Children and adults alike are in awe of the beautiful architecture, museum, and courtyard representing Hungary and its proud history.